The origins of Aari can be traced to the 12th century. First developed by leather workers in the western Indian state of Gujarat, it was used to create embellished footwear. In later years, with the patronage of the reigning Mughals emperors, the craftsmen transitioned to embroidering the finest silks and cottons. Trade with countries like China and England brought in interesting design influences. Royal garments from the 17th century sport rich oriental landscapes as well as European botanical motifs like daffodils and irises, all embroidered using the Aari technique.